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Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the throat. This process can be both acute and chronic and is frequently of a viral nature, although bacterial invasion is also possible. Pharyngitis should be treated carefully, since it may cause the development of some serious complications, including heart and joint rheumatism.


Manifestations of pharyngitis vary and depend largely on the form of the disease. The acute form of the disease involves all parts of the pharynx into the inflammation process.

The disease rarely manifests itself as an isolated inflammation. Most often, it begins on the background of other infectious diseases of the respiratory tract like acute respiratory viral infection or influenza.

The patient experiences pain when swallowing and complains of sore throat and rawness. Commonly, there is no pain when swallowing food, but it appears and strengthens during swallowing saliva.

The pain may radiate to the ears. This occurs when a greater part of the throat is involved in the inflammation process.

Body temperature may increase insignificantly. However, very often the general condition of the patient remains stable or only slightly broken.

During visual observation it is easy to notice swelling and redness of the mucous membrane of the throat. The swelling usually extends to the tongue. Sometimes there are areas of mucous covered with fur.

Sometimes the inflammation process affects the upper cervical lymph nodes that become painful and swollen. Sore throat provokes a constant cough in an overwhelming majority of cases.